CYP2C19

Cytochrome P450 2C19 Genotyping

CYP2C19 acts on 5-10% of drugs in current clinical use. About 2-6% of individuals of European origin, 15-20% of Japanese, and 10-20% of Africans have a slow acting, poor metabolizer form of this enzyme. However there is wide variability among populations. For example, the percent of Polynesians who are poor metabolizers ranges from 38-79% depending on location. CYP2C19 is an important drug metabolizing enzyme that catalyzes the biotransformation of many other clinically useful drugs including antidepressants, barbiturates, proton pump inhibitors, antimalarial and antitumor drugs.

Genelex offers improved detection rates using an extended Cytochrome P450 2C19 DNA test. This test identifies 8 small nucleotide variants in PCR-multiplex format, providing increased sensitivity and quality performance. This CYP2C19 detection panel is the most extensive on the market and covers seven known poor metabolizer alleles and one known rapid metabolizer allele. Analytical specificity and sensitivity for detection of these mutations are >99%.

Indication for Testing
For individuals with a personal or family history of adverse drug reactions to medications metabolized by CYP2C19. Confirm presence of genotypes that affect the metabolism of drugs such as Plavix that are metabolized by cytochrome CYP2C19.

Specimen Types
Please call Client Services at 800-837–8362 to order testing supplies.

Swabs: 4 sterile swabs
Blood: 5-10 cc whole blood lavender-top EDTA or Yellow-top ACD-A tubes
Turnaround Time: 5 days, 4 day STAT

CPT Codes
(provided for guidance only)

CYP2C19 Mutation DNA Analysis:  81225